Monday, March 24, 2014

Land and Earth

From the ancient tribal past, the laws that came to be called "The Law of Hywel Dda", was a foundation to the culture and society of Wales.  Certain basic concepts were contained within these laws that allowed social structure, and the survival of the folks who accepted them as their authority. [See last post which gives the first principle of their existence.] 

One basic concept was called "land and earth".  This concept had its origins from the belief that "In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth." [ Pentateuch - Genesis 1:1]  It was "God's Will" that was the ultimate authority within these spheres of existence.   Since God was in heaven, it was his will that man was placed upon earth.  Thus "man" was responsible for this land. 

In the laws, "land and earth" was a key sphere of existence.  No land was to exist that did not have a "proprietor".  This had meaning from Roman days which comes from the Latin privatus, meaning 'proper to a particular person'.  A "proprietor" had right to the land by "kindred and descent".  It is written:

"Whosoever wants to claim land by kindred and descent, let him show his pedigree as far as the stock from which he derives; and if he is there as fourth man he is a proprietor, for it is as fourth man that a person becomes a proprietor." [ from: Hywel Dda The Law, by Jenkins, p. 104.] 

Claim to land ownership was thus proved by giving a pedigree from the family tree.  Four generations of occupation by the family needed to be shown.   A deed to ownership was your family tree.  Wow...everyone needed to be a genealogist for this land and earth.

[The term "proprietor" is defined on p. 375 in the text by Jenkins.]

Saturday, March 1, 2014

Customary Principles

A living community changes over time.  From early family units, to larger tribal groups (clans) there is a common core of customs which develop.  These become the "laws" [spoke or unspoken] that begin to structure the obligations of the folks living within the community, and institute controls [often punishment] that establish authority within this cluster of folks trying to survive.  For the Welsh, this was well established by the mid-10th century.  This common core became associated with the name of Hywel Dda.

The figure above shows the cover of my copy, which was published by Gomer Press, 1990.  It contains a translation of the "Law Texts From Medieval Wales Translated and Edited by Dafydd Jenkins".  For the genealogist who wishes to understand the core principle of Welsh culture, this is a helpful test.

On page 71 it records:

"For the wise say that worldly law does not pursue any person (whether it is to heaven that he goes or to hell) save until he leaves the earth.  This is the reason for it:  Though there be law between persons and each other on this earth, there is no law between angles and each other, and there is no law between devils and each other, save the will of God."

Hum..."the will of God"...who would have guessed this would be a customary principle in the laws of Hywel Dda, around 942 AD.

Wednesday, February 5, 2014

Vale of the Dee

Welsh genealogy and the surname JONES can not usually be separated.   The following is a summary table of the first who are recorded as taking the surname JONES.  They are show by Welsh county and the dates that they were first recorded in the English legal records of the day.  The table is a figure taken from my blog called "The Jones Surname" [ ].  This blog discusses everything you wanted to know about the JONES surname but were afraid to ask.

The date of each post, which presents a little more about each JONES for the Welsh county listed, is shown above.  The documentation of each JONES is given in the post.  I thought this might be an interesting topic for those who have been following this blog [Welsh Genealogy] since my 50 years of genealogy have brought me to the Vale of the Dee.

Monday, January 13, 2014

Henry Edward Jones (JAC-1)

Henry Edward Jones (JAC-1), born July 8, 1926, is the 53rd in direct male line to me.  He married Myrna Jean (JAC-2), May 8, 1948, and my older brother and I came along not many years later.

Here we are November 1953.  Henry Edward (27), Myrna Jean (23), Henry Lee (4), and me (2).  Smiles and our future are in place.  Hard to imagine that over 60 years have now past.  How about that!

Friday, December 6, 2013

Joseph Wheeler Jones (JAB-1)

"Jay" by his sisters..."Wheeler" by his wife...and "Pap paw" by me he was called.  Born July 5, 1898 in Clark Co., KY, he lived his life in and around Winchester.   Gertrude Patterson Monroe "Mam maw" was born the same 1904 and died March 17, 1989.  I often heard her friends call her "Gertie".

 Here they stand holding my father in their arms.  Many of my summers were spent in their home on Jackson street.  Say hello to the origins of my family stories.   [See my family stories at my blog]  They both still reside in my memories.

Saturday, November 16, 2013

Edward Turner Jones (JAA-3)

The mouth of Red River joined three counties.  Estill, Madison, and Clark counties connected here.  All three of these counties played a role in the life of Edward Turner Jones.  He was born in Madison (Science Hill), married a gal from Estill (just across the river), and moved to Clark County. (Just across the river on the other side.)  This location was just "up river" from that place called Boonesborough were Ellen Dorcas Henderson had her roots from that fellow named Col. Richard Henderson.

Here they are.  My grandfather must have been in the oven when this picture was taken because his older sister Nona Lee was just about the right age of his birth.

A saddle bag can be seen lying on the porch behind.  Say hello to Edward Turner and Ellen Doras early in their married years near the mouth of Red River. 

Thursday, October 24, 2013

William Carter Jones (JZ-5)

W.C. was the name that he was called during my growing up years.  It was some twenty years before the W.C. was found to be William Carter.  He was born in Clark Co., KY (1826), and in the 1850 census found to be living with his father-in-law. [A problem to get straighten out among the Jones surname tree climbing!]  He with his wife, Elizabeth Isabell Adams, were the first of the family to have their picture taken.

Here they are.  Stern and serious looking they were.  It took a good while to find his burial place at the mouth of Red River, but here is a picture of his grave.   From the mountains of Wales to the mouth of Red River, that Y-chromosome did come.

My research can be found in RN #147.