Thursday, December 17, 2015

Royal Authority

Understanding Welsh history and its role in the formation of many Welsh family trees, is a major aspect of Welsh genealogy.  English annexation of Wales started along the border area where many Welsh families intermarried with those who came to claim title to the land.  Romans, Anglo-Saxons, Normans, and what came to be called "The Plantagenets" all had something to do with that mixing of the X and Y chromosomes.  In 1272, Edward I inherited the throne of England.  His Welsh neighbors took top priority and the results of his partial annexation are clearly standing today.  A book by John E. Morris describes what occurred to advance this undertaking.


The Welsh Wars of Edward I is its title.  Many of our Welsh family trees still bend into various shapes, even today, as a result.  A grasp of this history will often help us tree climbers.

Originally published by Oxford at the Clarendon Press in 1901, the cover shown above is my copy published by Combined Books edition, 1996. [Pennsylvania]  Genealogical tables are contained within showing many of the interrelationships which took place.  Raids, castles and battles...who could ask for more.

Friday, November 20, 2015

Tribe of the Marches

From the same reference (Burke 1884) on p. 1035, he presents Tudor Trevor.  The following is recorded:

"Tudor Trevor (Lord of Hereford, Whittington, and both Maelors; founder of the Tribe of the Marches, surnamed Trevor, from the place of his birth, co. Denbigh, son of Ynyr ap Cadforch, Lord of Whittington and both Maelors, in Powys, by Rheingar, his wife, dau. and heir of Lluddoca ap Caradoc Vreichfras, Lord of Hereford, in South Wales."

A fairly long list of families that descended from Tudor Trevor are then given including "Jones of Llwynon".  After 50 years of genealogy tree climbing, it would show that my family roots are here.

                                  "Per bend sinister erm. and ermines a lion ramp. or."


Tuesday, October 27, 2015

Royal Tribes of Wales (V.)

As given in Burke, the fifth Royal Tribe of Wales is as follows:

                   Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Tributary Prince of Glamorgan, Founder of the V. Royal Tribe

                                               Gu. three chevronels ar.

This would be a red shield with three pyramid shaped set of parallel lines starting from the bottom right and left of the shield, meeting in the center at equal distance.

The Chevron is thought to have been adopted from the bow of a war saddle, which rose high in front. [Burke, p. xxxi]

The reference is : Burke, B.B., The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; A Registry of Armorial Bearings From The Earliest To The Present Time.  Harrison, 59, Pall Mall, 1884. p. lxii.

                                                  

Sunday, September 27, 2015

Royal Tribes of Wales (IV.)

The country between the Wye and the Severn (rivers) was called Ferlys.  In Burke, the founder of the 4th Royal Tribe of Wales, was Ethelystan Glodrydd, called "Tributary Prince of Ferlys".  His arms are given:

           "Quarterly, first and fourth, az three boars' heads cabossed sa. ; second and third, per bend sinister, ermine and erminois, over all a lion ramp. or, which latter was the coat of his mother Rhingor, dau. and heir of Gronwy ap Tudor-Trevor, Lord of Whittington, co. Salop."

                                                                                                         [Burke, 1884 ed., p. lxii ]

Quarterly means that the shield is divided into four equal size parts numbered from the upper right.  Descent from the father is shown in the 1st and 4th quadrant of the shield, and the material side is shown in the 2nd and 3rd quadrants.  Three boars's heads colored black with the heads of the boar looking right forward, full-faced, with nothing of the neck showing. [shield background colored blue]

The maternal side shows a gold colored lion standing upright with a bend [representing a shoulder-belt, or scarf] drawn from the upper left to the right base of the shield.  The terms "ermine" means a white field with black spots, and "erminois" a black field with white spots. [representing furs of animals]

The following chart shows this family tree through Tudor Trevor (JC-1).


The eldest son of Tudor Trevor (JC-1) is Gronwy (JD-1) who had Rhingor (JE-3) [daughter and only heir] who was the mother of Ethelystan Glodrydd [Elystan Gloodrydd] (JF-6) the founder of the IV. Royal Tribe of Wales.

Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Royal Tribes of Wales (III.)

The founder of the III. Royal Tribe of Wales is listed as Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Powys, A.D. 1046.  In Burke he is given as "...derived from Mervyn, King of Powys, third son of Rhodri Mawr".  The arms are given:

                                                               "Ar. a lion ramp. sa"

This again is a lion standing erect on the hind legs which would be silver in color.  The shield would be black in color.

Meredith ap Bleddyn (son of Bleddyn ap Cynfyn) is given as "Prince of Powys".

Madoc, a son of Meredith ap Bleddyn, is given as "Prince of Powys-Fadog".

From: Burke, p. lxii, 1884 edition.

Wednesday, August 5, 2015

Royal Tribes of Wales (II.)

The sons of Rhodri Mawr continue their Y-chromosome into South Wales.  Rhys ap Twedwr Mawr, King of South Wales A.D. 1077, is given in Burke as being derived from Cadelh, King of South Wales.  This Cadelh is given as the second son of Rhodri Mawr. [Descent from first son given last post.]

Rhys ap Tewdwr is given as the "Founder of the II. Royal Tribe".  The arms are given:

                                     "Gu. a lion ramp. within a bordure indented or."

     This would be that the color of the shield is red [ Gu. = Gules = red].

     The charge [ordinaries] is a lion standing erect on the hind legs.

     The boarder of the shield would be colored gold with its inter margins being jagged or irregular.

From: The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales; Comprising A Registry of Armorial Bearings From The Earliest To The Present Time. By Bernard Burke, published 1884, by Harrison, 59, Pall Mall, London.  [p. lxi]

A good reference for South Wales is:


By Ruth Thomas, it was first published in 1977 by John Bartholomew & Son Limited, Edinburgh.

Sunday, July 12, 2015

Royal Tribes of Wales (I)

Tribal groups were associated with geographic areas in Wales.  This was primarily due to the geological status of mountains, rivers, valleys, and the settlement pattern of family groups.  In Burke [1884 edition] there are recorded "Royal Tribes of Wales" divided by the major areas "North Wales" and "South Wales".  The next several post will present these tribes as identified.

North Wales:

     "Griffith ap Cynan, King of North Wales, A.D. 1079, derived from Anarawd, King of North Wales, eldest son of Rhodri Mawr, King of Wales, A.D. 843; founder of the I. Royal Tribe."

                       The arms are described: "Gu. three lions pass. in pale ar armed az."

                               Gu. = red [color of shield] :  three lions pass. [full body lions standing on feet]
                            
                               in pale ar [formed by two lines drawn perpendicularly from the top to bottom of the shield comprising a third of the field, in this case it would be colored silver and the three lions would be placed equal distance from the top to bottom in the middle of the sheild]

                               armed az = the claws of the lions would be colored blue